In this chapter, we will take a look at the broad field of applied sociology in all of its forms. We will see that there are a number of terms that sociological practitioners use to label what they do. One of the readings in this chapter is by a well-respected applied sociologist. Applied sociology is and has been the foundation of basic sociology since the discipline began some 200 years ago. Sociological practitioners occupy a wide variety of occupations. Many receive their pay as professors and teachers in institutions of higher education. Federal and state agencies or nongovernment organizations employ a large variety of practitioners.